Is my baby ill or just spitting?
The contents of the stomach sometimes flow backward into the swallowing tube. This is called gastroesophageal reflux, or GER. It happens in all healthy babies and episodes are short and harmless. It happens more in babies than adults because babies have a relatively large stomach and a short esophagus. Sometimes the stomach contents rise so much that they leak out of the mouth, causing spitting. It should not be confused with gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD. Babies with GERD generally spit or vomit frequently. They may refuse to feed, grow slowly, be very upset most of the time, or have breathing problems. It is more common in babies with underlying health problems and less common in breastfed babies. This diagnosis has become very common in recent years. There is no gold standard test and there are numerous reported treatments.