What are tugging, clamping, and biting?
Tugging, clamping, and biting during breastfeeding can cause nipple pain and damage. Tugging happens when the baby pulls back while latched onto the breast. Clamping occurs when the mouth closes on the nipple and areola with more force than needed to remain latched. The top gums, and top front teeth if present, make contact with the areola, but the bottom gums and teeth are covered by the tongue, so they are less likely to cause pain. Biting occurs when the tongue is pulled back and the top and bottom gums or front teeth are suddenly in contact with the nipple or areola.